Epilepsy is one of the most common serious neurological conditions and can affect anyone at any age, although the most prevalent time of onset can be under 21, or over 65 years of age. Epilepsy is predominantly caused by genetic factors, but it can also arise as a result of brain trauma, brain damage, stroke or conditions including infections metabolic problems and autoimmune disease.
Seizures are a sign that there is hyperexcitability with the brain cells (neurones) at a particular time. They are classified depending on where the abnormal neuronal activity comes from; they can be Focal (a part of the brain) or Generalised (affect both hemispheres). It is important to be seen by an Epilepsy specialist for a diagnosis, and to receive onward support from the epilepsy nurse, GP and pharmacist. A yearly review is recommended. Always go prepared to clinic; with questions and clear descriptions of your seizures, a video will help too.